Although suicide rates are showing positive signs of falling from the most recent figures there are still almost 6,000 deaths from suicide reported each year in the UK. Around 75% of these are male and the highest rate is for those aged between 40 to 44 years old.
The reasons for anyone choosing a method to terminate their life are personal and often complicated but the patterns and causes for such are outlined into several areas through education and analysis.
A common theme running through most suicidal death is mental health problems. These can be brought on by a variety of factors and causes but ultimately it is this that creates the biggest impact on the statistics we see today.
Factors associated with causes of suicide
According to psychologists and mental health professionals depression is the most common reason people commit suicide. The symptoms of depression include overwhelming and continual sadness, a sense of great suffering and feelings of irrepressible hopelessness. These hard to manage emotions will lead to a desire to be rid of them in such a final way that presents itself as the only true escape.
It is often a difficult state to detect, as many sufferers will manage it privately given to believing the disorder is a weakness and something to be ashamed of. The final act of suicide is often not the desire to die from having no reason left to live but merely a wish to end such continual suffering.
Depression will distort the thoughts of its sufferers, presenting notions that nobody cares for them and that the people close to them would be better off if they weren’t around anymore so that common sense and rational thinking will go out of the window.
Depression has high rates of recovery and is commonly treatable. Through a balance of talking therapies and medication a positive outcome is almost always attainable yet the main issue in gaining treatment is accepting the problem and seeking help before it becomes too severe.
Drug and alcohol misuse
Whether the user has been led to a dependency on drugs or alcohol through self-medication, or from social or peer pressure they are both chemical causes of a misguided perception of a healthy life. The chemicals they contain that can enhance our moods and yet also cause severe drops in our emotional well-being have a continual and lasting effect on our body’s and brain’s chemicals. The depressant nature of alcohol and the lows that come after a drug high will add to a constant to and fro of highs and lows which can lead to severe dips in mental stability.
Trauma and abuse
Anyone who has experienced abuse or an unexpected act of trauma can have repercussions of the emotions involved if they haven’t been processed correctly in a healthy manner. The brain will often try to resolve these subconscious issues by re-enacting them in new situations where it can see a link to the initial cause. Only by understanding the root of the problem and dealing with it using proven psychological techniques will help alleviate the on-going trauma that creates the unhealthy response.
Problems brought about by unemployment are ten-fold. Loss of self-worth, the stresses of poor financial implications, no control or hope for the future — all of these factors will all add up to constant worry, self esteem issues that can lead to a level of depression that can lead to suicide.
People are designed to spend time in each other’s company. We are pack animals by nature and the chemicals we need for a healthy mental state are produced in their highest number when we mix and interact with other humans. Whatever the cause of any one person’s social isolation it is a problem that will feed their other mental health disorders and create that lack of desire for life. Loneliness is a significant cause of depression, and depression is almost always in existence when it comes to cases of suicide.
Severe mental illnesses are also a contributor to suicide and will bring about the self-destruction for more unintelligible reasoning. Schizophrenia is active in only 1% of society and can often strike otherwise healthy and functioning people. The often-uncontrollable inner voices can lead sufferers to drastic actions if not treated with the correct medication.
Much in the same way that unemployment brings about a lack of self-esteem and little hope for a happy and healthy future an on-going life of poverty will do much the same thing. Poof financial health can often lead to further debt and additional mental health problems that are linked to suicide.
Ways of combatting out of control debt that lead into severe states of poverty can be dealt with in a variety of ways. Contacting financial specialists and debt management agencies such as The Debt Advisory Service who offer IVA’s are positive ways to overcome such problems and alleviate this factor that leads to an inflated risk of suicide.
Long- or even short-term imprisonment is something that many will hold a pronounced level of fear of. Being kept from normal life will add often unmanageable pressures on the mental health of those sentenced to a term of incarceration. The behaviours and conditions of time spent in prison are often too much for many individuals to cope with and will often end their life during the term.
Family breakdown or relationship loss
Some of the most destroying emotional grief can be inflicted by the loss of those we hold closest. Whether by a death or the breakdown of a relationship, romantic or otherwise, these immensely powerful feelings can be enough to drive a person to lose the will to live without them.
Violence and bullying
Sadly, suicide rates among young people are rising. Bullying in schools and over social media has led to regularly reported news articles of victims in these cases taking their lives as the only way they can see out of the pressures and anxieties that this anti-social behaviour brings.
Domestic abuse also leads to similar feelings of hopelessness and although the suicide rate of men is nearly three times greater than that within women the figures for female suicide are rising.
A cry for help
Sadly, many people don’t know how or don’t have the confidence to be able to ask for help when they need it the most. A suicide attempt is often a practical way someone in such deep torment can show those around them the level of pain they are in and that they need assistance to become healthy again without feeling too ashamed to ask for it.
However, it is often the case that a lack of understanding or simple misadventure means that this action has further implications that will lead to a successful suicide; far too often an overdose of medication will have a fatal effect on the bodies organs before being medically removed from the body and what should have been a simple statement of need turns into something fatal.